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Feng Shui Glossary

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Door facing is actually the facing degree of the door.
Facing direction is taken by compass reading while standing in front of the door, facing outside.



Although in the common view Dragon is regarded as one of the most fortunate and sacred figure in Chinese folklore, Dragon also refers to the environment as a living entity, because Dragons ’’breath’’ and generate Qi that we all need. In Classical Feng Shui, Dragon is the term that describes a topographical feature (Mountains). We want to live in the areas where our Dragons are healthy, strong and willing to release their power. Basically, Dragons can be High, Middle and Low.


The ultimate purpose of Feng Shui is to locate the Dragons’ veins, in order to tap this amazing reservoir of energy.


Earth is the Element that nurtures other Elements, keeping everything at place.
Earth Element person tends to be stable, rational and hardworking.


(Five Transformations or Five Phases)

Five Elements are actually referring to Five Qi Transformations, also known as Five Phases or Wu Xing.
Five Elements are: Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal and Water.
Relationship between Elements is crucial for Feng Shui & Chinese Astrology practice.

ELEMENTS: Destructive Cycles

In destructive cycle, Elements diminish and destroy each other: Metal diminishes Wood, Wood diminishes Earth, Earth diminishes Water, Water diminishes Fire, and Fire diminishes Metal.


ELEMENTS: Productive Cycle

In productive cycle, Elements feed each other:
Wood feeds Fire, Fire feeds Earth, Earth feeds Metal, Metal feeds Water, and Water feeds Wood.

ELEMENTS: Weakening Cycle

In weakening cycles, the next Element in cycle (child) weakens the mother Element (that precedes):
Wood weakens Water, Water weakens Metal, Metal weakens Earth, Earth weakens Fire, and Fire weakens Wood.


Refers to the most Yang side of the building, where building receives Qi.
Facing side may be the longest side and it may encompass the Main Entrance.


Feng Shui (usually pronounced “fung shway”) is the forerunner of the geography and the science that has been practiced for thousands of years in China and other countries in the East.

Feng Shui is the ancient skill and science of placement of tombs, dwellings and other structures in accordance to the visible and invisible energy (Qi) flows.
Feng Shui literally means “Wind-Water” and this expression relates to the environment where Qi (energy) may collect due to the presence of water (accumulates and carries Qi) and mountains (prevent wind from scattering Qi).

Feng Shui was a closely guarded secret knowledge in ancient China, reserved to ensure good health, power and wealth for the Emperor and his most important Officials.

It was practiced by Feng Shui Masters that were actually skilled mathematicians, astronomers and geographers.
Feng Shui practice is complex and relies upon Yin-Yang, Five Elements and Eight Trigrams theories that are developed as a result of a several thousand years of observation of natural processes.

All important theories and formulas, together with 360 degrees circle are engraved in Feng Shui Compass, known as – Luo Pan. Therefore, precise reading of directions and locations make an important part of Feng Shui practice, deciding of the overall success of a consultation.



Fire is the Element of expansion, light and optimism.
Fire Element person tends to be warm, shiny and open.



Flying Stars or Xuan Kong Fei Xing is a powerful San Yuan Feng Shui practice, used by most professionals.
Flying Stars are actually the bodies of Qi (energy), attributed by own specific traits and corresponding Elements, polarities (Yin-Yang), Trigrams, numbers, periods, etc.
Almost every building has its own Flying Stars Static Chart that acts as property’s ID, enabling practitioner to predict future happenings in the property and showing the basic potentials that can be used by the occupants. Placing important features at favorable and timely stars’ locations might significantly improve the luck of the people who live or work in a specific property.
Dynamic Flying Star concept is used by advanced practitioners to address certain issues, avoid hardship and make quick improvements.


A hexagram is composed of 6 stacked horizontal lines that can be broken or solid. Basically, each of 64 Hexagrams is formed by two original Trigrams.


(key factors)

Three factors that counts most in Feng Shui evaluation of the residential properties are: main door, the kitchen and the master bedroom. Three factors that counts most in Feng Shui evaluation of the commercial properties are: main entrance, CEO desk placement and CEO desk orientation (or main entrance, reception desk and cash register placement).


Luo Pan is a special compass that serves both as a direction finder and a display for certain Chinese characters and Feng Shui formulas that can be read by professionals. It consists typically of a metal plate (heaven dial) that sits on a wooden base (earth plate). Metal plate can be freely rotated on an earth plate and the directions and ring positions may be read precisely due to red thread that crosses both plates at 90 degrees angles. Luo Pan contains 24 basic directions, and its needle points to the South, unlike Western compass.


Luo Shu is widely known as the magic square where digits from 1 to 9 may be arranged in such a way that rows, columns and diagonals add up to 15. Each of the numbers (1-9) has its own plate, used for accessing the earth base for the buildings that were built in the certain time frame. Luo Shu may be also used for evaluating the influences from the environment, but it also represents the base for many complex Feng Shui formulas.


Guo Pu, the author of ’’The Book of Burial’’, is considered as the father of Feng Shui and first Feng Shui Grand Master. The other famous Feng Shui Masters were Lai Bu Yi and Yang Yun Song (also known as the Master of the poor people).


Metal represents the phase where Qi is withdrawing in order to preserve life.
Metal Element person tends to be just, fair and strict.


Ming Tang, also known as the Bright Hall, refers to the space in front of the building (although there are two types of Ming Tang, external and internal).
Ming Tang enables Qi to collect, providing the reservoir of energy for the property and the occupants. Having good Ming Tang is also very important for ascending success of the commercial properties.


24 Mountains are actually 24 compass subdirections that make a basis for Classical Feng Shui application. Each of eight directions (N,S,W,E,SE,NE,SW,NW) in this system has three subdirections, encompassing 15 degrees (8 x 3 = 24).


In Feng Shui practice, nine palace grid is used for evaluating the internal.
Basically, an accurate floor plan is divided into 9 sections, in accordance to the property directions.


Nine pies method is primarily used for evaluating the environment.
However, it is also used when it comes to applying more precise methods, like Xuan Kong Da Gua.


Qi is the ’’breath of nature’’.
It is about life and living and every progress and success is about harnessing the Qi from the environment and improving the Qi flow inside-out. Qi appears in five stages, as prosperous, growing, retreating, dead and killing Qi.


Qi Mouth refers to the entry points of energy Qi.
The most important Qi Mouth is usually main entrance, although we also take care of the external Qi Mouths, especially Water Mouth.


San He is known as Three Combinations school.
In general, this practice is more about landscape and environmental energies evaluation.


San Yuan is known as Three Cycles, nine periods school.
This practice is more focused on timing (cycles) and calculations.


Sha Qi means noxious Qi that can harm the occupants and negatively affect their life and business.
Most often, Sha Qi influence is related to certain time frames (it becomes stronger in certain years).


Ten Heavenly Stems are basically Five Elements that appear in Yin-Yang polarities.
Ten Stems are: Jia (Yang Wood), Yi (Yin Wood), Bing (Yang Fire), Ding (Yin Fire), Wu (Yang Earth), Ji (Yin Earth), Geng (Yang Metal), Xin (Yin Metal), Ren (Yang Water) and Gui (Yin Water).



A Trigram is composed of 3 stacked horizontal lines that can be broken or solid (Yin-Yang).
There are 8 Trigrams: Qian (Heaven), Kun (Earth), Li (Fire), Kan (Water), Gen (Mountain), Dui (Lake), Zhen (Thunder) and Xun (Wind).


The concept of the Trinity or Three Treasures is most usually referred to as Human, Earth and Man Luck.


Twelve Earth Branches are also known as twelve animals of the Chinese Zodiac.
Twelve Branches are: Zi (Rat), Chou (Ox), Yin (Tiger), Mao (Rabbit), Si (Snake), Wu (Horse), Wei (Goat), Shen (Monkey), You (Rooster), Xu (Dog) and Hai (Pig).


Water is very deep and mysterious element that stores life.
Water people tend to be adaptable, wise and restless.


Water is very important in Feng shui practice and proper water placement may affect positively health, happiness and wealth; certain Water formulas are applied to bring great wealth to the residents or business owners. However, wrongly placed water can bring numerous issues including bankruptcy.


Wood is the Element of birth, growth and development.
Wood Element person tends to be youthful, imaginative and curious.


Yang is male, active, quick, noisy, penetrative, superficial principle.


Yin is female, passive, slow, material, nurturing, deep principle.


Yi Jing is the ancient Chinese book of divination.
Yi in this context refers to a (constant) change, while Jing represents a text or a book, therefore Yi Jing means The Book of Changes.


For Feng Shui consultation fee estimation, please send an e-mail containing basic information about your property, the number of residents/employees and a short description of the business.

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