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Ten Stems Twelve Branches – important concept in Feng Shui and Ba Zi

Ten Stems Twelve Branches

Ten Heavenly Stems and Twelve Earthly Branches concept is essential for both Chinese astrology Ba Zi and Feng Shui practice.

In Ba Zi, we tend to analyse the the Ten Stems and Twelve Branches, in order to assess a person’s destiny and luck.

In Feng Shui, Stems and Branches are inscribed at every Feng Shui compass, and when taking directions, we address them in Stems and Branches (or Trigrams).


Ten Heavenly Stems

The Ten Heavenly Stems are basically the Five Elements (Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal, Water) in their Yin/Yang states.

Each Stem has its own unique characteristics, while also being specific in the relationships it creates with other Stems (Combinations, Clashes).


The Ten Stems are:
1. Jia (Yang Wood), resides in East 1.
2. Yi (Yin Wood), resides in East 3.
3. Bing (Yang Fire), resides in South 1.
4. Ding (Yin Fire), resides in South 3.
5. Wu (Yang Earth)
6. Ji (Yin Earth)
7. Geng (Yang Metal), resides in West 1.
8. Xin (Yin Metal), resides in West 3.
9. Ren (Yang Water), resides in N 1.
10. Gui (Yin Water), resides in N 3.


Ten Stems Twelve Branches
Ten Stems Twelve Branches


Twelve Earth Branches – Twelve Chinese Zodiac signs

Each Branch has its own unique characteristics, corresponding season, solar month, bi-hour, direction, and hidden Stems… Twelve Earthly Branches are also specific in the relationships they create with other Branches (Combinations, Clashes, Harms, Punishments, Destructions).


Twelve Earth Branches
Twelve Earth Branches

The Twelve Earth Branches are:

1. Rat (Zi), Element Water, resides in true North.
2. Ox (Chou), Element Earth, resides in NE 1.
3. Tiger (Yin), Element Wood, resides in NE 3.
4. Rabbit (Mao), Element Wood, resides in East 2.
5. Dragon (Chen), Element Earth, resides in SE 1.
6. Snake (Si), Element Fire, resides in SE 3.
7. Horse (Wu), Element Fire, resides in true South.
8. Goat (Wei), Element Earth, resides in SW 1.
9. Monkey (Shen), Element Metal, resides in SW 3.
10. Rooster (You), Element Metal, resides in true West 2.
11. Dog (Xu), Element Earth, resides in NW 1.
12. Pig (Hai), Element Water, resides in NW 3.


Find more detailed information in Althea’s awarded Feng Shui and Chinese astrology book.


To read about Qi, click here.

If you want to learn more about Eight Trigrams, click here.

To understand Five Elements, click here.

For Yin/Yang, click here.


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