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Eight Trigrams – Qian, Kun, Li , Kan, Gen, Dui, Zhen, Xun

The Eight Trigrams

Understanding the individual characteristics of each trigram, together with their arrangements, is essential for both understanding how nature operates and for the practice of Feng Shui.

Each individual trigram is formed from greater/lesser Yin and Yang. It contains three lines and each line can be either broken (Yin) or solid (Yang). Trigrams are usually referred to as Gua, while the individual trigram line is referred as Yao.


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The bottom line of each trigram always represents the Earth, the middle line represents Man, while the top line stands for Heaven. In regards to hierarchy, the bottom line is the oldest one in the trigram, while the top line is the youngest.

Based on the Yin/Yang classification of the lines, the most Yang trigram is Heaven (Qian), because it consists of three Yang lines. The most Yin trigram is the Earth (Kun), which consists of three Yin lines. The other six trigrams are made of a combination of Yin and Yang lines, but their polarity is usually determined based on a single Yin/Yang line.


The Eight Trigrams are:

Heaven (Qian)

Earth (Kun)

Fire (Li)

Water (Kan)

Thunder (Zhen)

Lake (Dui)

Wind (Xun)

Mountain (Gen)


They are typically referred to as Ba Gua (the Eight Gua or the Eight Trigrams).

The concept of the Eight Trigrams is crucial for the effective practice of Feng Shui, as it reflects both the body (the theory) and application.

Each trigram rules over one direction and three ’’Mountains’’ of the Feng Shui Compass…


Find more info about Trigrams in Althea’s awarded book ‘A Course in Real Feng Shui’.


To read about Ten Stems and Twelve Branches, click here.

If you want to learn more about Qi, click here.

To understand Five Elements, click here.

For Yin/Yang, click here


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Awards: MBS Book Awards of Europe, January 2018 

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Feng Shui book review

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A good way to find out about your property’s Feng Shui is to consult or hire a personal Feng Shui adviser to review it and offer customized solutions and packages.

We provide consultations for your Residential and Business property and also have special, tailor-made packages for Property Developers and Investors.

We also offer Annual Feng Shui consultations, with tailor-made property activation dates!